Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
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Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to a single number. Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans to build this score.
All three credit reporting agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. Fair Isaac and Co originally developed this score. . Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following in building your score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- History of Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late, and how often?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of giving you a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which may vary slightly by agency. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 850. Higher is always better. Most home buyers will probably find their scores falling between 620 and 850.
Not just for qualifying
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Since the FICO score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it's hard to make a significant improvement in the number with quick fixes. You should appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect data from your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
Know your FICO
Before you can improve your FICO score, you must get your score and make certain that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three agencies. They also provide helpful information and tools that help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is quick and very inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us at (970) 577-9200.